Lake Districts and Overlay Districts
AKA: Lakeshore Residential Districts, Green Belts District, Waterfront-Shoreland Overlay District, Waterfront Residential District
Special zoning provisions to protect inland lakes and especially shoreline areas are implemented in two ways:
Conventional lake/shoreline districts – Zoning ordinances include zoning districts, such as agriculture, commercial, residential and industrial districts, that have distinct lists of permitted uses, setbacks and other standards. Some communities establish one or more additional lake or shoreline districts that include special protection standards unique to those areas.
Shoreline overlay districts – An overlay district is a special kind of zoning district placed over existing base zones (such as residential or commercial) that adds additional standards in those areas. This technique works well for shoreline protection. Overlay districts can be defined as being a certain distance – 500 to 1,000 feet, for example – from the lakeshore, or follow the parcel lot lines in the areas targeted. Areas commonly targeted by overlay zones include floodplains, watersheds, environmental areas, lakeshore/shoreline, river corridors, and high risk erosion areas.
|Resource Protection Overlay
Additional Ordinance Examples
|Section 5.05: Walloon Lake District (W)
|Article Xa: Lake Residential District
|Section 6.2: Riparian Protection Overlay
|Section 3.23: Lake Access/Frontage; Keyhole Dev.
|Section 4.12: Greenbelt District
|Section 7: Waterfront Residential District